M.V. Goryukhin


The accumulatedknowledgeabout the structure of a substance makes it possible to control its properties, including the purposeful selection of raw materials and materials for its creation, and vice versa, based on the natural or artificial materialcomposition,predict its physical and chemical properties. This approach allows choosing a replacement for rare or even scarce types of mineral raw materials to produce a particular product. The analysis of literature data and sources, a comparative analysis of the Middle Amur Lowland loess-like rocks chemical composition, and one of the white porcelain recipes for the manufacture of laboratory glassware showed a high degree of their similarity. In this connection, it is proposed to consider loess-like loams as one of the porcelain stone types. At the same time, there are some differences – an increased content of coloring oxides in loess-like loam: TiO2 twice and Fe2O3 more than 10 times; reduced content of SiO2 and Al2O3 by 67%; the content of CaO and MgO is twice as high as in porcelain; Na2O is 1,7 less, and K2O is 3.4 more than in porcelain. Evaluating loess-like loams as a kind of porcelain stone, we can conclude that the rocks are alkaline according to the total content of alkalis (Na2O + K2O) - more than 3%. Potassium module (K2O/Na2O) is 1,54 – i.e. the rocks are suitable for the manufacture of porcelain. Thus, loess-like rocks are potentially applicable to use them as a corrective raw material in the production of ceramic masses, including coarse building ceramics, colored porcelain and porcelain-like products, with appropriate adjustment of chemical and granulometric compositions. At the same time, in order to clarify the proposed loess-like rocks options feasibility, it is necessary to conduct additional manufacture and technological tests.

Ключевые слова

loess-like loam; ceramics;, porcelain; Jewish Autonomous Region.


REFERENCE: Goryukhin M.V. Non-traditional natural raw materials for the manufacture of porcelain products. Regional’nye problemy, 2023, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 66–71. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.31433/2618-9593-2023-26-3-66-71.

Geografiya Evreiskoi avtonomnoi oblasti: obshchii obzor (Geography of the Jewish Autonomous Region: a general overview), E.Ya. Frisman Ed. Birobidzhan: ICARP FEB RAS, 2018. 408 p. (In Russ.).

Geosistemy Dal’nego Vostoka Rossii na rubezhe XX–XXI vekov. T. 2 Prirodnye resursy i regional’noe prirodopol’zovanie (Geosystems of the Russian Far East at the turn of the XX–XXI centuries. Vol. 2 Natural resources and regional environmental management). Vladivostok: Dal’nauka Publ., 2010. 560 p. (In Russ.).

Ivolgin A.Ya. Drawing up an engineering-geological map of the Middle Amur depression on a scale of 1:500 000: report. Book 2. Khabarovsk, 2000. 167 p.

Mestorozhdeniya nemetallicheskikh poleznykh iskopaemykh Evreiskoi avtonomnoi oblasti: spravochnik (Deposits of non-metallic minerals of the Jewish Autonomous Region: handbook), A.A. Vrublevsky, A.A. Kuzin, B.O. Ivanyuk, M.B. Ivanyuk. Khabarovsk; Birobidzhan: Amur Geographical Society, 2000. 208 p. (In Russ.).

Oborina M.A. The use of wollastonite and diopsidite of the Southern Baikal region in the masses of household porcelain and faience. Extended Abstract of Cand. Sci. (technical) Dissertation. Tomsk, 1998. 19 p. (In Russ.).

Pravdin P.V. Laboratornye pribory i oborudovanie iz stekla i farfora: sprav. izd. (Laboratory devices and equipment made of glass and porcelain: reference edition). Moscow: Khimiya Publ., 1988. 164 p. (In Russ.).

Samoylova E.M. Pochvoobrazuyushchie porody (Soil-forming rocks). Moscow: MSU, 1991. 176 p. (In Russ.).

Slovar’ sovremennykh geograficheskikh nazvanii (Dictionary of modern geographical names), V.M. Kotlyakov Ed. Yekaterinburg: U-Factoriya Publ., 2006. 832 p. (In Russ.).

Ural – novaya geologicheskaya provintsiya farforovogo kamnya: preprint (Ural – a new geological province of porcelain stone: preprint). Sverdlovsk: USC of the USSR Academy of Sciences, 1987. 56 p. (In Russ.).

Faria K.C.P., Holanda J.N.F. Incorporation of sugarcane bagasse ash waste as an alternative raw material for red ceramic. Cerâmica, 2013, no. 59, pp. 473–480.

Junkes J.A., Prates P.B., Hotza D., Segadães A.M. Combining mineral and clay-based wastes to produce porcelain-like ceramics: An exploratory study. Applied Clay Science, 2012, no. 69, pp. 50–57.

Peter W. Scott, John M. Eyre, David J. Harrison and Andrew J. Bloodworth Markets for industrial mineral products from mining waste. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 2005, no. 250, pp. 47–59.

Siddiqui A.R., Pal M., Bhattacharya D., Das S.K. Iron and steel slag: an alternative source of raw materials for porcelain ceramics. Global NEST Journal, 2014, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 587–596.

Swapan Kumar Das, Jiten Ghosh, Ashok Kumar Mandal, Nar Singh, Surajit Gupta Iron Ore Tailing: A Waste Material used in Ceramic Tile Compositions as Alternative Source of Raw Materials. Тransactions of the Indian ceramic society, 2012, vol. 71, no. 1, pp. 21–24.


  • Ссылки не определены.