Elderly mortality and climate at the Russian Far East

Elena A. Grigorieva, Anna B. Sukhoveeva


Medical and demographic statistics for elderly population is analysed for the regions at the Russian Far East, namely Primorsky and Khabarovsky Krai, Amur Region and the Jewish Autonomous Region (JAR), showing rapid growth of people at age cohort 65 years and older with double excess of women over men. On the contrary, “gender mortality dimorphism” at elderly ages is registered meaning all-cause mortality is 1.5-2.5 times higher for men than for women. More than 70% of all human losses for elderly population are caused by diseases of the circulatory system and neoplasms. Wet Kata Cooling Power by Hill, Net Effective Temperature and Wind Chill are bioclimatis indices chosen to illustrate the impact of climate on elderly mortality. The results show strong dependence of cardiovascular mortality on climate. Even keeping in mind that man-made social and economic environment plays great role in morbidity and mortality of elderly population, medical society must remember that critical exacerbation of chronic diseases can be triggered by discomfortable weather conditions. The results obtained can be used by health professionals in the development of strategies to mitigate the effect of weather in a changing climate, to promote, preserve and maintain public health.

Ключевые слова

elderly population; mortality; climatic discomfort; Russian Far East

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