Perceptions and responses to climate change: understanding adaptation strategies and multi-level capacities in northern Bangladesh using livelihood resources

Iffat Ara


Climate change has become a concern due to its adverse impacts on local livelihood and human security globally. This may affect livelihood options in a disaster-prone country, Bangladesh, particularly in the northern region, which experiences high temperature, low rainfall, and frequent disasters. This paper presents empirical evidences that indicate perceptions on climate change and local responses on this change to take different adaptation strategies using available livelihood resources. Primary data was collected in northern districts by applying Climate Vulnerability and Capacity Analysis method and Focus Group Discussion. The study demonstrated that local communities experienced climate variabilities and disaster incidents. Several adaptation strategies were employed at different levels of capacities based on livelihood resources. The study demonstrated government level capacity would mostly infl uence resources utilization. Policies and programs aimed at enhancing and strengthening the adaptation strategies need to deliberate livelihood resources and capacity levels signifi cantly.

Ключевые слова

Bangladesh; climate change; disaster; livelihood resources; adaptation strategies; multi-level capacity

Полный текст:

PDF (English)


Ahmed AU, Alam M, Rahman AA (1998) Adaptation to Climate Change in Bangladesh: Future Outlook. In Huq S, Karim Z, Asaduzzaman M and Mahtab F (eds).Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change for Bangladesh. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Alam GMM, Alam K, Mushtaq S, Clarke ML (2017) Vulnerability to climatic change in riparian char and riverbank households in Bangladesh: implication for policy, livelihoods and social development. Ecol Indicators 72: 23–32.

Alauddin M, Sarker MAR (2014) Climate change and farm-level adaptation decisions and strategies in drought-prone and groundwater-depleted areas of Bangladesh: an empirical investigation. Ecological Economics 106: 204–213.

Brouwer R, Akter S, Brander L, Haque E (2007) Socioeconomic vulnerability and adaptation to environmental risk: a case study of climate change and fl ooding in Bangladesh. Risk Anal 27(2): 313–326.

CARE (2001) A tool for analyzing vulnerability. In Climate Change Information center. [Access date: 01.01.2018].

CARE (2009) Climate Vulnerability and Capacity Analysis Handbook. United Kingdom: CARE.

Codjoe SNA, Owusu G, Burkett V (2014) Perception, experience, and indigenous knowledge of climate change and variability: the case of Accra, a sub-Saharan African city. Reg Environ Change (2014) 14: 369–383.

Hamilton LC, Keim BD (2009) Regional variation in perceptions about climate change. Int J Climatol 29(15): 2348–2352.

Haque MA, Yamamo SS, Malik AA, Sauerborn R (2012) Households’ perception of climate change and human health risks: A community perspective. Environmental Health 11(1): 1.

Huda MN (2013) Understanding indigenous people’s perception on climate change and climatic hazards: a case study of Chakma indigenous communities in RangamatiSadarUpazila of Rangamati District, Bangladesh. Natural Hazards 65(3): 2147–2159.

Huda MN, Hossin MZ, Ashik-E-Elahi S, Mahbub F (2016) Socio-Demographic and Economic Correlates of Climate Change Coping and Adaptation Strategies: A Study on the Farmer Communities in Barisal District, Bangladesh. American J Clim Change 5: 167–177.

Huq N, Hugé J, Boon E, Gain AK (2015) Climate change impacts in agricultural communities in rural areas of coastal Bangladesh: A tale of many stories. Sustainability 7(7): 8437–8460.

IPCC (2007) Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Annex I., ML Parry, OF Canziani, JP Palutikof, PJ van der Linden and CE Hanson (Eds), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Kamal ASMM, Shamsudduha M, Ahmed B, et al. (2018) Resilience to fl ash fl oods in wetland communities of northeastern Bangladesh. Int J Disaster Risk Reduction 31: 478–488.

Kripalani R, Oh J, Kulkarni A, et al. (2007) South Asian Summer Monsoon Precipitation Variability: Coupled Climate Simulations and Projections Under IPCC AR4. Theor Appl Climatol 90(3–4): 133–159.

Li C, Tang Y, Luo H. et al. (2013). Local farmers' perceptions of climate change and local adaptive strategies: A case study from the Middle Yarlung Zangbo River Valley, Tibet, China. Environmental Management 52(4): 894.

Mardy T, Uddin MN, Sarker MA et al. (2018) Assessing coping strategies in response to drought: A micro level study in the north-west region of Bangladesh. Climate 6(2): 23.

Mengistu DK (2011) Farmers’ perception and knowledge on climate change and their coping strategies to the related hazards: case study from Adiha, central Tigray, Ethiopia. Agric Sci 2(2):138–145.

Mertz O, Mbow C, Reenberg A, et al. (2009) Farmers’ Perceptions of Climate Change and Agricultural Adaptation Strategies in Rural Sahel. Environmental Management 43(5): 804–816.

MoEF (2005) National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA). Dhaka, Bangladesh, Ministry of Environment and Forest, GoB, 46 p.

MoEF (2009) Bangladesh Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan (BCCSAP). Dhaka, Bangladesh, Ministry of Environment and Forest, GoB, xviii: 76 p.

MoFDM (2010) National Plan for Disaster Management. D. M. Bureau. Dhaka, Bangladesh, GoB, 144 p.

Ndamani F, Watanabe T (2016) Determinants of farmers’ adaptation to climate change: A micro level analysis in Ghana. Sci Agric 73(3):201–208.

Rawlani AK, Sovacool BK (2011) Building responsiveness to climate change through community based adaptation in Bangladesh. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 16(8): 845–863.

Shackley S, Deanwood R (2002) Stakeholder Perceptions of Climate Change Impacts at the Regional Scale: Implications for the Effectiveness of Regional and Local Responses. J Environmental Planning and Management 45(3): 381–402.

Tambo JA, Abdoulaye T (2013) Smallholder farmers’ perceptions of and adaptations to climate change in the Nigerian savanna. Regional Environmental Change 13(2): 375–388.

Uddin M, Bokelmann W, Entsminger JS (2014) Factors affecting farmers adaptation strategies to environmental degradation and climate change effects: A farm level study in Bangladesh. Climate 2: 223–241.

West CT, Roncoli C, Ouattara F (2008) Local perceptions and regional climate trends on the Central Plateau of Burkina Faso. Land Degradation & Development 19(3): 289–304.

World Bank (2001) Bangladesh: Climate Change and Sustainable Developments. Dhaka: The World Bank Offi ce.


  • Ссылки не определены.