E.A. Grigorieva, V.A. Glagolev


The analysis of the intra-annual dynamics of mortality rates features from all causes and from cardiorespiratory diseases, using the seasonality index, showed the maximum mortality rate in cities of the Far East south in winter, and the minimum-in summer.

A detailed analysis of mortality caused by cardiorespiratory diseases in the older age cohort has revealed a higher risk of pathologies in winter periods, with a maximum in February.

A relative indicator decline in November, apparently associated with the so-called «harvest effect», when excess mortality in one period (in October) is compensated by the indicator decrease in the subsequent time period. For the elderly population in Khabarovsk, the maximum death rate in January and its sharp rise in October repeats the picture of all-cause mortality with little gender difference.

For men – residents of Vladivostok-the maximum development of cardiovascular disasters occurs in January, a slight increase in mortality is observed in May and October, and the minimum-in August and September, with an annual dynamics with an amplitude of 20%.

Ключевые слова

mortality; seasonality of mortality; southern part of the Russian Far East


Varakina Zh.L., Yurasova E.D., Revich B.A.,Shaposhnikov D.А.,Vyazmin А.М. Air Temperature Impact on Mortality in Arkhangelsk in 1999-2008. Jekologija cheloveka, 2011, no. 6, pp. 28–36. (In Russ.).

Grigorieva E.A., Kirʹyantseva L.P. Weather as a Risk Factor in Respiratory Morbidity and Preventive Measures among Students. Bjulleten’ fiziologii i patologii dyhanija, 2014, no. 51, pp. 62–68. (In Russ.).

Grigoryeva E.A., Kiryantseva L.P. Cardiorespiratory Morbidity Caused By Seasonal Weather Changes and Measures for its Prevention. Zdorov’e naselenija i sreda obitanija, 2016, no. 2(275), pp. 7–10. (In Russ.).

Ocenka riska i ushherba ot klimaticheskih izmenenij, vlijajushhih na povyshenie urovnja zabolevaemosti i smertnosti v gruppah naselenija povyshennogo riska: metodicheskie rekomendacii MR (Assessment of the risk and damage from climate change affecting the increase in morbidity and mortality in high-risk populations). Moscow: Federal Center for Hygiene and Epidemiology of Rospotrebnadzor, 2012. 48 p. (In Russ.).

Polikarpov L.S., Lapko A.V., Hamnagadaev I.I., Jaskevich R.A. Meteotropnye reakcii serdechno-sosudistoj sistemy i ih profilaktika (Meteotropic reactions of the cardiovascular system and their prevention). Novosibirsk: Nauka Publ., 2005. 196 p. (In Russ.).

Revich B.A. Climate Change Alters Human Health in Russia. Problemy prognozirovanija, 2008, no. 3, pp. 140–150. (In Russ.).

Revich B.A., Shaposhnikov D.A. Climate Change, Heat Waves, and Cold Spells as Risk Factors for Increased Mortality in Some Regions of Russia. Problemy prognozirovanija, 2012, no. 2, pp. 122–139. (In Russ.).

Smirnova M.I., Gorbunov V.M., Andreeva G.F. et al. Influence of Seasonal and Weather Factors on Cardiovascular and Bronchopulmonary Morbidity and Mortality. Profilakticheskaja medicina, 2012, no. 6, pp. 76–86. (In Russ.).

Khudalova F.K., Kusova A.R. Metereological Factors Influence on Tthe Development of Hypertensive Crisis in Population of Town Vladikavkaz. Zdorov’e naselenija i sreda obitanija, 2014, no. 5 (254), pp. 10–12. (In Russ.).

Lepeule J., Litonjua A.A., Gasparrini A. et al. Lung function association with outdoor temperature and relative humidity and its interaction with air pollution in the elderly. Environ. Res., 2018, vol. 165, pp. 110–117. DOI: 10.1016/j.envres.2018.03.039.

Ma Y., Jiao H., Zhang Y. et al. Impact of temperature changes between neighboring days on COPD in a city in Northeast China. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res, 2020, vol. 27, pp. 4849–4857. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-019-07313-1.

Qi, Liu et al. Changing rapid weather variability increases influenza epidemic risk in a warming climate. Environ. Res. Lett, 2020, vol. 15, pp. 044004. DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/ab70bc.

Su S., Laden F., Hart J.E, et al. Seasonal temperature variability and emergency hospital admissions for respiratory diseases: a population-based cohort study. Thorax, 2018, vol. 73, pp. 951–958.

Ye X., Wolff R., Yu W., Vaneckova P., Pan X., Tong S. Ambient temperature and morbidity: a review of epidemiological evidence. Environ. Health Perspect, 2012, vol. 120, pp. 19–28. DOI: 10.1289/ehp.1003198.

Yitshak-Sade M., Bobb J.F., Schwartz J.D., Kloog I., Zanobetti A. The association between short and long-term exposure to PM2.5 and temperature and hospital admissions in New England and the synergistic effect of the short-term exposures. Sci. Total Environ, 2018, vol. 639, pp. 868–875. DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.05.181.

Xu Z., Hu W., Tong S. Temperature variability and childhood pneumonia: an ecological study. Environ. Health, 2014, vol. 13, pp. 51.

Zafeiratou S., Samoli E., Dimakopoulou K. et al. A systematic review on the association between total and cardiopulmonary mortality/morbidity or cardiovascular risk factors with long-term exposure to increased or decreased ambient temperature. Sci Total Environ, 2021, vol. 772, pp. 145383. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.145383.

Zanobetti A., O’Neill M.S., Gronlund C.J., Schwartz J.D. Summer temperature variability and long-term survival among elderly people with chronic disease. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 2012, vol. 109(17), pp. 6608-13. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1113070109.


  • Ссылки не определены.